PTE考试如何用最短时间拿到RO满分

2017-11-29 10:44
摘要:如何做才能提高RO的正确率?

  对于RO来说,找对首段到底有多重要?找对首段有助于我们弄清楚全篇的话题(topic)。因为这个题型考察我们对内容、逻辑的理解力,所以对内容和逻辑有更准确的理解,绝对对这个题型大有裨益!!

  首段有哪些特点?

  首先大家要牢记一点,首段作为一个4段或5段短篇幅文章的开头,要么提出一个明确话题来方便读者理解,要么以一个背景故事来做铺垫抛砖引玉。

  换句话来说,首段不会去讨论或是解释细节!因为这样的首段意图不明确!!

  比如以下这题:

  (A) It was a time when managers had to take a critical look at every aspect of their production process and make improvements where necessary.

  (B) As a result, some people believe it is now time to re-assess many companies in terms of the standards they agreed to some years ago.

  (C) In the late 1900s. food manufacturers were challenged by the organic community to ensure they were using ingredients that had been produced in natural healthy ways.

  (D) Whether these systems have been maintained seems questionable, particularly as contracts depend so heavily on efficiency and quick sales.

  (E) Over the last half-century, organic farming has become a driving force in the world's food market.

  • A段在强调一段时期(it was a time)。但是并没有给出一个明确的话题,容易让读者摸不清头绪。而且文中提到的managers 也没说清楚是哪来的。

  • B段在讨论结果是什么(as a result)。而且从内容的表达方式来看,some people believe… 这是在表达观点,换句话说,这就是在解释细节。

  • C段讲述了食品生产商遇到了什么挑战来确保什么。不难理解,这也是在解释细节!

  • D段these systems 是代指某部分,绝不可能出现在首段!

  • E段提出了organic farming 这个话题。所以这题不难发现E是首段。

  除了分析每个paragraph内容,还有些一般情况下能很容易分析出不是首段的字眼,比如刚才例文里出现的代指部分(these systems)

  o 代指部分:this xxx, that xxx, these xxx, those xxx, it, they etc.

  o 特指名词: 带定冠词the的名词用来特指之前出现的部分

  o 逻辑关系词:because (it is due to), as a result (consequently), moreover, furthermore, additionally (in addition), subsequently, but (however), by contrast, alternatively, instead 等等.

  总结:

  大家在做练习的时候学会将上述两种方法(分析内容 & 找关键字眼)结合起来分析首段,就会发现正确率会提高不少。因为凡事没有绝对,单独只用其中一种方法在有些特殊题目里很可能不适用!!

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