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PTE写作每日一练0929期:Summerize Written Test题型训练

2017-09-29 09:52
摘要:为了帮助大家能够更有效的提升PTE写作成绩,100留学准备了PTE写作每日一练题目,帮助大家熟悉写作题型,希望能够帮助到您。

  为了帮助大家能够更有效的提升PTE写作成绩,100留学准备了PTE写作每日一练题目,帮助大家熟悉写作题型,希望能够帮助到您。

  题目要求

  本题考试一般为2-3个摘要写作,每个10分钟。在每个任务中,考生要求用10分钟的时间用一句话凝练的概括出一篇300-500字的小文章。只能用一句话,长度为5-75个字。

  解题步骤

  1、先用1分钟迅速通读全文,平均一篇SWT的文章为300个单词。

   2、找重点。每段第一句一般是中心句,剩下部分把修饰、举例都去掉,留下结尾总结的词组或主要事件, 形成段落大意。

  3、分析各段间的逻辑关系,一般有因果、对比、递进、转折这几种,根据相应逻辑关系选择and,but, so, while等连接词,基本就能搞定大部分的SWT。

  4、写完后注意检查语法和拼写错误。

    例题    

    What is the solution for nations with increasing energy demands, hindered by frequent power cuts and an inability to compete in the international oil market? For East Africa at least, experts think geothermal energy is the answer. More promising still, the Kenyan government and international investors seem to be listening. This is just in time according to many, as claims of an acute energy crisis are afoot due to high oil prices, population spikes and droughts.

  (背景介绍,说Kenyan面临能源危机)

    Geothermal energy works by pumping water into bedrock, where it is heated and returns to the surface as steam which is used directly as a heat source or to drive electricity production.

  (地热能源的运作原理,这类科学设备的详细解释说明都不需要)

    Source: Energy Information Administration, Geothermal Energy in the Western United States and Hawaii. Currently over 60% of Kenya's power comes from hydroelectric sources but these are proving increasingly unreliable as the issue of seasonal variation is intensified by erratic rain patterns. Alternative energy sources are needed; and the leading energy supplier in Kenya, Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen), hopes to expand its geothermal energy supply from 13% to 25 % of its total usage by 2020. The potential of geothermal energy in the region was first realised internationally by the United Nations Development Program, when geologists observed thermal anomalies below the East African Rift system. Locals have been utilising this resource for centuries; using steam vents to create the perfect humidity for greenhouses, or simply to enjoy a swim in the many natural hot lakes.

  (开头解释说明了一大段,就是要说明Kenya面临能源危机,需要开发地热能源来补充不足,主要事件:Kenya最大的能源公司计划要讲地热能源供应从13%提升到25%)

    Along the 6000 km of the rift from the Red Sea to Mozambique, geochemical, geophysical and heat flow measurements were made to identify areas suitable for geothermal wells. One area lies next to the extinct Olkaria volcano, within the Hell’s Gate National Park, and sits over some of the thinnest continental crust on Earth. This is a result of the thinning of the crust by tectonic stretching. causing hotter material below the Earth's surface to rise, resulting in higher temperatures. This thin crust was ideal for the drilling of geothermal wells, reaching depths of around 3000 m, where temperatures get up to 342° C, far higher than the usual temperature of 90°C at this depth. Water in the surrounding rocks is converted to steam by the heat. The steam can be used to drive turbines and produce electricity.

  (第一句,中心句:说为了找到更多合适的地方修建地热井,进行了大量测量。后面举例说明部分就可以删掉啦)

    答案解析

  这篇文章,看似很长,但是中心思想非常简单易懂,总结也非常简短。文章有明确的因果关系,就是“因为Kenya面临能源危机,所以地热能源作为解决措施将开始大规模发展”

  Sample Summary:

    Kenya, which is an East African nation experiencing energy crisis, is now trying to expand its geothermal energy supply from 13% to 25% of its total usage by 2020, attempting to

  find more geographical locations suitable for drilling geothermal wells.

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