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PTE写作每日一练0928期:Summerize Written Test题型训练

2017-09-28 12:00
摘要:为了帮助大家能够更有效的提升PTE写作成绩,100留学准备了PTE写作每日一练题目,帮助大家熟悉写作题型,希望能够帮助到您。

  为了帮助大家能够更有效的提升PTE写作成绩,100留学准备了PTE写作每日一练题目,帮助大家熟悉写作题型,希望能够帮助到您。

  题目要求

  本题考试一般为2-3个摘要写作,每个10分钟。在每个任务中,考生要求用10分钟的时间用一句话凝练的概括出一篇300-500字的小文章。只能用一句话,长度为5-75个字。

  解题步骤

  1、先用1分钟迅速通读全文,平均一篇SWT的文章为300个单词。

   2、找重点。每段第一句一般是中心句,剩下部分把修饰、举例都去掉,留下结尾总结的词组或主要事件, 形成段落大意。

  3、分析各段间的逻辑关系,一般有因果、对比、递进、转折这几种,根据相应逻辑关系选择and,but, so, while等连接词,基本就能搞定大部分的SWT。

  4、写完后注意检查语法和拼写错误。

    例题

    Human remains are a fundamental part of the archaeological record, offering unique insights into the lives of individuals and populations in the past. Like many archaeological materials humans remains require distinctive and specialized methods of recovery, analysis and interpretation, while technological innovations and the accumulation of expertise have enabled archaeologists to extract ever greater amounts of information from assemblages of skeletal material. Alongside analyses of new finds, these advances have consistently thrown new light on existing collections of human remains in museums, universities and other institutions. Given the powerful emotional, social and religious meanings attached to the dead body, it is perhaps unsurprising that human remains pose a distinctive set of ethical questions for archaeologists.

  (土著权利运动背景介绍,不需要)

  With the rise of indigenous rights movements and the emergence of post-colonial nations the acquisition and ownership of human remains became a divisive and politically loaded issue. It became increasingly clear that many humans remain in museum collections around the world represented the traces of colonial exploitation and discredited pseudo-scientific theories of race. In the light of these debates and changing attitudes, some human remains were returned or repatriated to their communities of origin, a process which continues to this day. Recently a new set of challenges to the study of human remains has emerged from a rather unexpected direction: the British government revised its interpretation of nineteenth-century burial legislation in a way that would drastically curtail the ability of archaeologists to study human remains of any age excavated in England and Wales. This paper examines these extraordinary events and the legal, political and ethical questions that they raise.

  (第一句,中心句:阐述随着土著权利运动的兴起,人类遗体的所有权成为当时备受关注的政治议题;文章结尾,主要事件:英国政府先是修改了对十九世纪埋葬立法的解释,阐述考古研究的重要性。)

    In April 2008, the British government announced that, henceforth, all human remains archaeologically excavated in England and Wales should be reburied after a two-year period of scientific analysis. Not only would internationally important prehistoric remains have to be returned to the ground, removing them from public view, but also there would no longer be any possibility of long-term scientific investigation as new techniques and methods emerged and developed in the future. Thus, while faunal remains, potsherds, artefacts and environmental samples could be analysed and re-analysed in future years, human remains were to be effectively removed from the curation process. Archaeologists and other scientists were also concerned that this might be the first step towards a policy of reburying all human remains held in museum collections in England and Wales including prehistoric, Roman, Saxon, Viking and Medieval as well as more recent remains.

  (文章第一句,中心句:但是,英国政府之后改变立场,宣布被考古挖掘的人类遗体在经过两年的科学研究后需要被再度下葬)

    答案解析

  这篇文章看似很长,但是第一段只是土著权利运动的背景介绍,不用管。后两段内容是转折的关系,“随着土著权利运动的兴起,考古挖掘的人类遗体的所有权成为ethical issue,英国政府先是修改了对十九世纪埋葬立法的解释,强调考古研究的重要性,但是之后却改变立场,宣布所有被挖掘出来的人类遗体在两年的科学研究后要重新下葬”。

  Sample Summary:       In the light of the rise of indigenous rights movements and the emergence of postcolonial nations, the British government, after revising its interpretation of nineteenth-century burial legislation, has recently changed its stance over the ethical issues regarding the acquisition and ownership of human remains for archaeological purposes, announcing that all human remains archaeologically excavated should, henceforth, be reburied after a two-year period of scientific analysis.

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